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Page 2

P

EOPLE

OF

THE

L

ONG

H

OUSE

The history of the Iroquois Confederacy goes back to its formation by the Great Peacemaker

(see below) in 1142, bringing together five distinct nations in the southern Great Lakes area

into "The Great League of Peace." Each nation within the Iroquoian family had a distinct

language, territory and function in the League. Iroquois influence extended into what is now

Canada, westward along the Great Lakes and down both sides of the Allegheny mountains

into present-day Virginia and Kentucky and into the Ohio Valley.

The League was governed by a Grand Council, an assembly of fifty chiefs or sachems, each

representing one of the clans of one of the nations. The original Iroquois League (as the

French knew them) or Five Nations (as the British knew them), occupied large areas of pre-

sent-day New York State up to the St. Lawrence River, west of the Hudson River, and south

into northwestern Pennsylvania. The League was composed of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onon-

daga, Cayuga, and Seneca Nations. In or close to 1722, the Tuscarora tribe joined the

League, having migrated from the Carolinas after being displaced by Anglo-European settle-

ment. Also an Iroquoian-speaking people, the Tuscarora were accepted into what became the

Six Nations.

P

RISON

A

RT AND

P

ASSING

T

IME

Sadly a great number of American Indians are incarcerated in United States pris-

ons. It could be for something as simple as a speeding ticket to something as seri-

ous as domestic violence or murder. Whatever the reason, it is a very sad situation

that seems to be pervasive in many parts of Native America.

Each year we receive letters from Native American people who find themselves

behind bars. Many times, prisoners like Gabby (Western Shoshone) send us notes

along with sketches that they created in their cells, and sent to us in envelopes that

name the correctional facility.

Gabby is spending her time at the Community Correctional Facility in McFarland,

California. McFarland Community Correctional Facility is a state prison. It is

operated by the state of California Department of Corrections (DOC) and is used

to house and rehabilitate criminals sentenced by a judge to a specific commitment

term. In Gabby’s case, this is through 2019. Behind bars, Gabby sketches with her

pens. As part of her rehabilitation, Gabby is studying philosophy at the Coastline

Community College. This is just one sad tale, and we wish Gabby well.

Be Blessed With Our Great Creator.

Prison Art. Pen

sketch on folded paper by Gabby.

T

HE

G

REAT

P

EACEMAKER

The Great Peacemaker's name

Deganawida

or

Dekanawida

means "Two River Currents

Flowing Together." Some of the numerous legends about the Great Peacemaker have con-

flicting information. It is reported that he was born a Huron, and by some accounts, his

mother was a virgin, making the birth miraculous. Others say he was born an Onondaga

and later adopted by the Mohawk. By all accounts, he was a prophet who counseled peace

among the warring tribes, and he called for an end to the violence and ritual cannibalism.

According to some legends, his first ally was Jigonhsasee. She lent her home for the meeting

of the leaders of the rival tribal nations, as they formed and acted as a kind of United Na-

tions. The Great Peacemaker's follower, Hiawatha, an Onondaga renowned for his oratory,

helped him achieve his vision of bringing the tribes together in peace.