The James N. Layne Cradle Katsina Collection
The James N. Layne Cradle Katsina Collection is a private collection of 674 carved Hopi Cradle
in the Hopi language). The Katsinam were collected by Dr. James N.
Layne between 1980 and 2002. Dr. Layne is a Vertebrate Zoologist who lives in Lake Placid,
Florida, and who also has had a life-long interest in Native American cultures. Dr. Layne will
be 90 years old in May of 2016.
His collection may be the largest and most complete collection of contemporary Cradle
Katsinam in existence. In Hopi cosmology there are approximately 400 known, active and
inactive Hopi Katsinam, along with an unknown number of variants from the different Hopi
The entire collection is cataloged and includes the following information for each Cradle
Hopi name and English translation
Carver and location
Full view color photograph, front view
The collection also includes related reference books, correspondence, notes, carving orders,
receipts, and various papers written by Dr. Layne.
Most of the Cradle Katsinam in the collection (611) were carved by Theodore (Ted) Puhuyesva,
from Hotevilla, Third Mesa, Arizona. The remaining 63 Cradle Katsinam in the collection were
carved by 25 other Hopi artists, including a woman.
Cradle Katsinam and Their Development
Hopi Katsinam are supernatural beings that represent the spirits of revered ancestors, clan
ancients, plants and animals, celestial bodies, weather phenomena, landscape features, and other
elements of nature. More than 400 Katsinam are known, but an exact count is probably
impossible. The great diversity of Hopi Katsinam is partly explained by the fact that the Hopi
clans who emerged into the fourth world, and those whose migrations terminated in the present